平成 22 年 9 月
A Survey of Japan’s Contribution to Peacebuilding: Timor-Leste as a Case 日本の平和構築への貢献についての調査：東ティモールを事例として
There are no other countries and areas where Japan’s combined support of peace cooperation and development assistance has been implemented in such frequency and continuity. Nevertheless, while there can be no doubt that Japan has engaged much in Timor-Leste, there is still ambiguity as to the final goal for which Japan is heading in its peacebuilding support. It is because that there have been a number of contributing countries dispatching a large scale of personnel in order to resolve the conflict of Timor-Leste, and they have shown stronger commitment than Japan. Putting it another way, Japan’s engagement in Timor-Leste may be interpreted as an ordinary one comparing to other contributors. With regard to the amount of development assistance, although it is sure that Japan has been ranked within the top 5 every year, its support has not been outstanding. It is not too far from the truth to say that Japan has not yet played a leading role in peacebuilding of Timor-Leste, forestalling other ambitious actors. Figures 1 and 2 probably can prove those hypotheses (see more detail, in Table 1 and 2). Japan wishes to be a “Peace Fostering Nation”. It is no exaggeration to say that the case of Timor-Leste seems to have been an ideal opportunity for Japan to be a protagonist. In spite of that, the efforts exerted so far still remain an unsettled question. That is how Japan tries to resolve conflicts and to settle peace in conflict-affected countries and areas. This point may well be left to argue.